Smile as perceived by orthodontists and general practitioners

  • Rabia Bilal
  • Bilal Arjumand
  • Sehrish Raheem
  • Omer Shabir
  • Quddsia Kanwal
Keywords: Smile perception, smile attributes, orthodontists, general practitioners


Introduction: A century ago, the orthodontic paradigm was geared towards achieving optimal occlusal contacts of the teeth and fifty years ago cephalometrics based diagnosis and treatment planning took over the orthodontic world. The present emphasis, however, is toward enhancing facial esthetics and creating a beautiful smile. This is all dependent on the perception of smile which tends to differ between orthodontists and other professionals. The objective of this study was to determine the perception of smile by orthodontists and general practitioners.

Material and Methods: 31 smile photographs were given to 13 orthodontists and 13 general practitioners to rate them on attractiveness by using visual analogue scale on 6 attributes of smile mesh. SPSS version 17 for windows was used to analyze and compare the data.

Results: There was no significant difference in the perception of a pleasing smile between the two groups, but the preferences varied between the two. There was weak correlation for different smile attributes between orthodontists and general practitioners.

Conclusions: There is a difference in preference of various smile attributes among orthodontists and general practitioners in rating them on the attractiveness of smile.

Author Biographies

Rabia Bilal
BDS, FCPS. Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Margalla College of Dentistry.
Bilal Arjumand
BDS. Senior Registrar, Department of Operative Dentistry, Margalla College of Dentistry.
Sehrish Raheem
Final year BDS, Margalla College of Dentistry.
Omer Shabir
Final year BDS, Margalla College of Dentistry.
Quddsia Kanwal
Final year BDS, Margalla College of Dentistry.
How to Cite
Bilal, R., Arjumand, B., Raheem, S., Shabir, O., & Kanwal, Q. (1). Smile as perceived by orthodontists and general practitioners. Pakistan Orthodontic Journal, 2(2), 60-65. Retrieved from
Original Articles