PHOTOGRAPHIC ANGULAR ANALYSIS OF ADULT SOFT TISSUE FACIAL PROFILE
Intoduction: The most striking feature, visible on first sight of any human being, is the face. Photographic assessment of facial attributes have been the gem of modern day orthodontics as Orthodontic diagnosis & treatment planning has no been based on profiles rather than Angle`s Concept. The study was aimed at assessing the soft tissue profiles and determining gender dimorphism in a young adult population sample.
Material Methods: The study included 60 subjects (30 males and 30 females) of age range 18-25 years. The sampling comprised random selection of the subjects. The method involved photographic profile analysis with angular measurements made on standard photographic records taken in natural head position. The standardized photographs were analyzed digitally. A total of 11 variables were used in the study
Results: Gender dimorphism was found for several angles. Male subjects showed wider Nasofrontal, Nasal, Nasal dorsum, Middle facial third, Inferior facial third angles and the angle of facial convexity. The female subjects had wider values for Mentolabial, Head-posture and Total facial convexity angles, while Nasolabial and Cervicomental angles showed least variation amongst genders.
Conclusion: The results point to the importance of individualized case planning. Soft tissue profile analysis establishes invaluable details that help treatment planning and predict response to particular treatment modality.