THE COMPARSION OF CHANGES IN NASAL SYMMETRY BEFORE AND AFTER NASOALVEOLAR MOLDING (NAM)
Introduction: Presurgical Nasoalveolar molding is effectively used as an adjunctive procedure to improve nasal symmetry in patients with unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate. The increasese in nasal symmetry is by decreasing columellar deviation, increasing nostril height on the affected side, maintaining bialar width of nose, and creating more symmetrical nostril heights and widths. The improvement was correlated with the time the appliance was applied.
Objectives: To assess the change in nasal symmetry following presurgical nasoalveolar molding.
Material and Method: Total number of subject were 50 Infants with cleft lip and palate came to Department of Orthodontics, Karachi Medical and Dental College Hospital [KMDC] with exclusion of any other craniofacial malformations or systemic diseases and previously surgically treated cases. Duration of this study set at six months.
Data Analysis: Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS 16.0 with paired t test to compare the differences.
results: There was a statistically significant increase in the nostril height P < 0.01 and a statistically significant decrease in the nostril width and width of the alveolar cleft P < 0.01 shown by paired t test.