Prevalence of patients infected with HIV, Hepatitis B and C virus visiting the outpatient department of Islamic International Dental Hospital, Islamabad
Introduction: Incidence of serious liver illnesses including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma are increasing in patients chronically infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of hepatitis B,C and HIV in patients presenting to the outpatient department of Islamic International Dental Hospital.
Material and Methods: 104 patients visiting the outpatient department of Islamic International Dental Hospital were consecutively selected. Blood sample was drawn from the patients and was screened through strip test method to evaluate presence of disease conditions.
Results: Out of one hundred and four patients (49 females and 55 males) 4 (8%) were HbsAg positive and 8 (7%) were HCV positive. No patients were detected to be HIV positive.
Conclusions: For the safety of doctors and patients, it is paramount to know the incidence of such serious diseases and policies must be made in every institute to take action against them.