Skeletal patterns underlying class III malocclusion

  • Ghulam Rasool
  • Ali Ayub
  • Tanweer Hussain Bangash
  • Asfand Ali Mir
Keywords: Skeletal Class III, Skeletal discrepancy, mandibular prognathism, maxillary retrognathism, micrognathism


Introduction: The Skeletal Class III malocclusion is characterized by mandibular prognathism, maxillary deficiency or both.The aim of this study was to find out different skeletal pattern  of class III malocclusion in patients seeking orthodontic treatment at Khyber College of Dentistry.

Material and Methods: The study was carried out on patients presenting with skeletal class III relationship from January 2009 to January 2011. The patients were selected from the orthodontics files of the Department of Orthodontics, Khyber College of Dentistry.

Results: Out of the total patients, 83 patients were found to have skeletal class III. Seventy one (85.5 %) cases were diagnosed as true skeletal class III malocclusions. The skeletal discrepancy was highest in mandible 50.74 %, followed by combination of mandibular and maxillary disharmony 28.16 %, maxillary involvement alone as 19.12 %.

Conclusions: The different skeletal types would help in the evaluation of treatment effects in Class III malocclusion.

Author Biographies

Ghulam Rasool
BDS, MCPS, FCPS, Prof.  & Head Department of Orthodontics, KCD, Peshawar.
Ali Ayub
BDS, FCPS Assistant Professor, Foundation University College of Dentistry, Islamabad.
Tanweer Hussain Bangash
BDS, Resident Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, KCD, Peshawar.
Asfand Ali Mir
BDS, Lecturer, Department of Orthodontics, KCD, Peshawar
How to Cite
Rasool, G., Ayub, A., Bangash, T., & Mir, A. (1). Skeletal patterns underlying class III malocclusion. Pakistan Orthodontic Journal, 7(1), 13-16. Retrieved from
Original Articles